Open Science


Image Credit: Michael Taylor

The volume of knowledge is growing at an exponential rate, but so is its rate of fragmentation. It has become extremely hard, if not impossible, for individual researchers to keep up with all the relevant literature in their field. Time is increasingly being invested in developing search engines with ever more sophisticated algorithms in an attempt to make sense of the articles’ content, and match it with user expectations. When faced with the human problem of reducing knowledge to a set of representative keywords, artificial intelligence cannot extract “meaning”, assess “quality”, or predict “impact”. Algorithms cannot reproduce the complexity and efficiency of scientists themselves instinctively searching for relevant papers, while at the same time making the necessary value judgements. In the case of data and software, these problems are compounded and the absence of tools is leading to a loss of visibility, reusability, efficiency and reproducibility in science. What is needed is an efficient classification and structuring of global scientific knowledge utilizing the power of technological innovations in the area of open science and the collective intelligence of research scientists themselves.


Together with an open community of researchers called Open Scholar (O-S) and active scientists involved with the Self-Journal of Science (SJS), we are promoting the Open Web of Science (OWS). OWS is a global and semantic portal concept designed to engage and build an active community of scientists dedicated to applying collective intelligence to solve the problem of discovery, visibility, navigation and fragmentation of the exponentially growing volume of digital scientific knowledge items (including articles, datasets, software, blogs, events and presentations) through a logically ordered and community-managed map. OWS will be self-organized and self-regulated. It will simultaneously link digital science items and enable browsing of content through an intuitive interface, using consensual tags that allow a straightforward and unambiguous transmission of information within the scientific community. OWS will decentralize the process of evaluation of dissemination of scientific work and builds on the Open Peer Review Module (OPRM), an open source tool overlay for open access repositories to facilitate the process of collective wisdom in the evaluation of publications. OPRM is led by O-S and is supported by OpenAIRE. The open source code for incorporation by repository managers can download from Github.

Peer-Reviewed Articles & Conference Papers:

  1. Bon, M., Taylor, M., McDowell, G.S. (2017) Novel processes and metrics for a scientific evaluation rooted in the principles of science. Self-Journal of Science (26 Jan. 2017), url: [arxiv]  [PDF]
  2. Perakakis, P., Taylor, M. (2014) Academic self-publishing: a not-so-distant future. Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation, 31:3, 257-263, doi: 10.1080/08109028.2014.891712 [link]
  3. Perakakis, P., Taylor, M., Mazza, M., Trachana, V. (2011) Understanding the role of open peer-review and dynamic articles. Scientometrics 1-5.  doi:10.1007/s11192-011-0402-1 [PDF] [link]
  4. Perakakis, P., Taylor, M., Mazza, M., Trachana, V. (2010) Natural selection of academic papers. Scientometrics 85(2):553-559. doi:10.1007/s11192-010-0253-1 [PDF] [link]
  5. Perakakis, P., Taylor, M., Trachana, V. (2010) Roads to open access (Invited Review). In: World Social Science Report. UNESCO [Chapter 8: Disseminatingsocial sciences] 307-309. (published in English, French and Chinese) [PDF] [link] [Full Report]
  6. Taylor, M., Perakakis, P., Trachana, V. (2008) Siege of Science (Invited Review). In: Use and abuse of bibliometrics (Theme Issue). Ethics in Science & Environmental Politics 8:13. doi:10.3354/esep00086 [PDF] [link]
  7. Buela-Casal, G., Perakakis, P., Taylor, M., Checa, P. (2006) Measuring internationality: reflections and perspectives on academic journals. Scientometrics 67(1):45–65. doi:10.1556/Scient.67.2006.1.4 [PDF] [link]

Conference Talks:

  • Taylor, M. (2014) Open peer review to save the world. OpenAIRE/COAR Joint Conference, Open Acess: Movement to Reality – Putting the pieces together, 21- 22 May, 2014, Acropolis Museum, Athens, Greece [PPT]
  • Taylor, M., Perakakis, P., Trachana, V. (2007) How the impact factor power law came to be. European Association of Science Editors (EASE) Annual Meeting, Barcelona, Spain, 14 May [PPT: 1, 2, 3, 4]
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